Before you under What is a multiplier ? , you are adviced to read:
What is a multiplicand ?
Definition: Multiplier is a number or expression by which multiplicand is to be multiplied.
Or we can also say
Multiplier is a number or expression by which another number or expression is to be multiplied.
Example: As shown below number 11 is to be multiplied by multiplicand 181.
Hence number 11 is a multiplier.

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